13.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria, including 6.1 million IDPs. Conflict has killed over 400,000 people and caused large-scale displacement.

Between November 2016 and October 2017, the campaign to expel the group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, ISIS or DAESH) from Ar-Raqqa governorate in North East Syria led to an escalation of conflict across the area. Conflict resulted in multiple phases of significant displace- ment of civilians and resulted in high levels of need of both the displaced and those that remained in areas of direct conflict. Furthermore, the ability of host communities across Ar-Raqqa governor- ate to absorb internally displaced persons (IDPs) became increasingly stretched as their number grew.

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